Following the ten years of the Commonwealth, the monarchy in Britain was restored with the accession in 1660 of Charles II. Restoration usually refers to the whole reign of Charles II (1660–85) and often the brief reign of his younger brother James II (1685–8).
Following his accession, Charles II immediately appointed Peter Lely as his court painter. Lely had served Charles I in his final years, and had adapted with great success to the austerity of the Commonwealth period, and then had smoothly moved back into royal favour at the Restoration. His portraits of fashionably popeyed beauties exemplify the licentiousness for which Charles II and his court remain notorious.