In relation to art, refers to artworks made in the period immediately after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 after ten years of Commonwealth

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  • Sir Peter Lely, 'Elizabeth, Countess of Kildare' circa 1679
    Sir Peter Lely
    Elizabeth, Countess of Kildare circa 1679
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1234 x 1000 mm
    Purchased 1955
  • John Michael Wright, 'Portrait of Mrs Salesbury with her Grandchildren Edward and Elizabeth Bagot' 1675-6
    John Michael Wright
    Portrait of Mrs Salesbury with her Grandchildren Edward and Elizabeth Bagot 1675-6
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1295 x 1336 mm

    Presented by the Patrons of British Art through the Tate Gallery Foundation 1993
  • Francis Barlow, 'Monkeys and Dogs Playing' 1661
    Francis Barlow
    Monkeys and Dogs Playing 1661
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1055 x 1320 mm
    frame: 1229 x 1525 x 85 mm
    Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Tate Gallery 1989

Following the ten years of the Commonwealth, the monarchy in Britain was restored with the accession in 1660 of Charles II. Restoration usually refers to the whole reign of Charles II (1660–85) and often the brief reign of his younger brother James II (1685–8).

Following his accession, Charles II immediately appointed Peter Lely as his court painter. Lely had served Charles I in his final years, and had adapted with great success to the austerity of the Commonwealth period, and then had smoothly moved back into royal favour at the Restoration. His portraits of fashionably popeyed beauties exemplify the licentiousness for which Charles II and his court remain notorious.

John Michael Wright was also a significant figure and new subject matter appears in the compelling animal paintings of Francis Barlow.