Italian movement started by the Argentine-born Italian artist Lucio Fontana in 1947 who, in its manifesto, stated that art should embrace science and technology

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  • Lucio Fontana, 'Spatial Concept 'Waiting'' 1960

    Lucio Fontana
    Spatial Concept 'Waiting' 1960
    Canvas
    unconfirmed: 930 x 730 mm frame: 1161 x 982 x 86 mm
    Purchased 1964 Fondazione Lucio Fontana, Milan

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  • Lucio Fontana, 'Nature' 1959-60

    Lucio Fontana
    Nature 1959-60
    Bronze
    object: 610 x 730 mm
    Purchased 1983 Fondazione Lucio Fontana, Milan

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  • Lucio Fontana, 'Spatial Concept' 1949-50

    Lucio Fontana
    Spatial Concept 1949-50
    Canvas
    unconfirmed: 550 x 846 mm frame: 754 x 1047 x 56 mm
    Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Tate Gallery 1985 Fondazione Lucio Fontana, Milan

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The movement (Movimento Spaziale – spacialist movement, or spacialism) was launched in 1947 after Lucio Fontana’s return to Italy from Argentina with the first Manifiesto Spaziale (spatialist manifesto). In this, and in the several more that followed, Fontana developed the ideas of the Manifiesto Blanco issued at the Altamira Academy in Buenos Aires the year before. There he had called for an art that embraced science and technology and made use of such things as neon light, radio and television.

In 1949 Fontana installed his Ambiente Spaziale at the Galleria del Naviglio in Milan. It consisted of an abstract object painted with phosphorescent paint and lit by a neon light, and was a pioneering example of what became known as installation art. He subsequently went on to make the works on canvas to which he gave the generic title of Concetto Spaziale (spatial concept) although continuing to make installations using light. The basis of the Concetto Spaziale works was the piercing, or later slashing with a razor, of the canvas to create an actual dimension of space. Fontana made a long series of these and extended the idea into sculpture in his Concetto Spaziale, Natura series.

Other Spazialismo artists included Gianni Dova and Roberto Crippa.