A style of painting developed in the 1970s that combined fine draughtsmanship with images that were considered ugly

These were rendered with a chilling photographic clarity designed to highlight the shallow and alienating brutality of the modern world. Many of the artists associated with the movement were originally members of the cooperative gallery Grossgörschen 35, founded in Berlin in 1964. Arguments between the group led to a split in 1966, and Ulrich Baehr, Charles Diehl, Wolfgang Petrick and Peter Sorge went on to start the Galerie Eva Poll, which became home to this new brand of realism.