What comes across from all of these great works is a great sense of energy, of artistic change and of dynamism, as Britain becomes modernised and the centre of an empire. Curator Chris Stephens
This was a period of extraordinary change, when modern art was fighting with the academic. Two opposing artistic approaches were current at the beginning of the period – on the one hand, the forceful imagery of the Futurists, and on the other, a quieter, more intimate vision.
These were also years of unrest; suffragettes fought for the rights of women, workers went on strike and the First World War had a huge impact. The divide between rich and poor grew, but measures were also introduced laying the foundations of the modern-day welfare state.