NARRATOR: This large canvas which Turner painted late in life, shows the German city of Heidelberg. Curator David Blayney Brown. DAVID BLAYNEY BROWN: Turner liked to think about the continuity between the past and the present, and try and find a way of bridging the two. And in this case, he’s painting both the view, the topography of Heidelberg, but also that part of its history that related to Britain. The daughter of the British King James I became the so-called Winter Queen, she married into continental royal family, and you see the city in the background, but the Queen’s court in their historic seventeenth century costume in the foreground. NARRATOR: Turner was a great traveller and explored various parts of Europe during his lifetime. DAVID BLAYNEY BROWN: He went to Germany several times, making quite long tours, sometimes along the Rhine but sometimes further into the country. When he travelled he took with him sketchbooks – many sketchbooks, sometimes, which he kept in the pocket of his coat – and he made many drawings and sketches as he travelled. And working usually during the winter months in London, in his studio, he would work up paintings based on his experiences, sometimes looking back over several years. This painting of Heidelberg was one such and it’s both a contemporary view of Heidelberg as Turner had seen it, and also a historical picture.