NARRATOR: In this painting Turner depicts one of the most famous landmarks in Rome, Saint Peter’s Square as viewed from the Vatican, and in the foreground one of Rome’s most famous artists. Curator David Blayney Brown. DAVID BLAYNEY BROWN: He shows Raphael surrounded with examples of his art, of his pictures, one or two of which look rather surprisingly like pictures by Turner. So he’s obviously making a kind of connection between himself and Raphael. And what seems to have inspired him to put Raphael in this picture was that if we look at this arcade that runs into the right-hand side of the picture we can see an archway and a pedestal standing in it. And that was the pedestal on which it was planned at the time when Turner was visiting Rome to place a bust of Raphael. But in a further bridge of time, Turner’s also included the curving classical arcades that were built round the piazza by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, considerably later. So they would not have been there in Raphael’s time, but Turner saw them and he really wasn’t concerned about the accuracies of time in this respect, he’s trying to span the centuries. So it’s a picture that’s full of references across time, and to the history of art that fascinated Turner so much, and that he obviously thought that he was part of.