The symposium, Photography and the Limits of the Document took the opportunity provided by Tate Modern’s exhibition Cruel and Tender: the Real in the Twentieth Century Photograph to reflect on the photographic document as a form and its limits. The work of photographers and artists represented in the exhibition was considered alongside other images and practices associated with the document in both art and non-art contexts. The conference considered both straight and staged photography, still and moving image, contemporary and earlier twentieth-century practices. Topics discussed included: definitions of documents and documentary, space, topography and politics, archives and memory, ethnicity and self-presentation, and visibility and invisibility. The conference brought together, from Britain, Europe and the USA, major photographers and filmmakers, and a range of theorists from art history and theory, cultural studies and the social sciences. Participants included Lewis Baltz, David Harvey, Alfredo Jaar, Joel Snyder, Fiona Tan, Trinh T. Minh-Ha and others.