​Photograph © Tate 2016 (Lucy Dawkins)

Room 4 in Materials and Objects

Explore Materials and Objects


Marcel Duchamp, Fountain  1917, replica 1964

Fountain is the most famous of Duchamp’s so-called ready-made sculptures: ordinary manufactured objects designated by the artist as works of art. It epitomises the assault on convention and accepted notions of art for which Duchamp became known. The original, which is now lost, consisted of a standard urinal, laid flat on its back and signed with a pseudonym, ‘R. Mutt 1917’. This work is one of a small number of replicas which Duchamp authorised in 1964, based on a photograph of the original by Alfred Stieglitz.

Gallery label, January 2016

© Succession Marcel Duchamp/ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2020

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Marcel Duchamp Fountain 1917, replica 1964

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