One of the essential building blocks of cinema is visual metaphor, in which one (or more) image stands in for, or qualifies, another. In this sequence of films, the images have both descriptive and metaphorical functions. 

Films showing in this section: 

13:12 Patrick Keiller The End 1986
13:30 Chris Newby Stromboli 1997
13:41 Paul Bush The Rumour of True Things 1996

Patrick Keiller The End 1986

18 minutes. Collection: Lux 

Like all of Patrick Keiller’s films The End was shot and edited before he wrote the script. The ambivalent account given by his images of a journey across Europe is set against a despairing voice-over narrative told by a down-and-out but cultured wanderer. 


Patrick Keiller was born in 1950. He studied at University College London, registered as an architect, then attended the Royal College of Art. Echoes of his early slide-tape work resonate in the static imagery and fondness for voice-over in his recent feature-length works. He is currently a Research Fellow at the Royal College of Art, London. 

Chris Newby Stromboli 1997

10 minutes. Collection: Lux

Stromboli is one of a series of short films by Chris Newby which offers lyrical portraits of particular places, such as the Island of Hoy, and the city of Amsterdam. At the same time the erotic charge in their images suggest another subject: the human body, its mortality and its desires. 


Chris Newby studied at Leeds Polytechnic and the Royal College of Art, London. He has directed two feature films, Anchoress 1993, and Madagascar Skin 1995, and continues to make both shorts and features. 

Paul Bush The Rumour of True Things 1996

26 minutes. Collection: Lux 

Paul Bush’s film has its origins in a collection of ‘found’ moving images made by the artist. He explains: ‘The images were not made by me, but by other filmmakers, specialists from other areas such as doctors, radiologists and the military. They are things the public never see. My idea was to put these records together in an attempt to make a portrait of Western society.’ 1996 


Paul Bush was born in 1956. He studied Fine Art at the Central School of Art and Goldsmiths College, London, then established and ran Clapham and Battersea Workshop 1982-93. He has been a prolific filmmaker in many genres such as found-footage collage (Lost images 1990), pixillation (Furniture Poetry 1998) complex narrative (Lake of Dreams 1991) and scratch animation (His Comedy 1994). He was awarded a NESTA Fellowship in 2003.