1775  Joseph Mallord William Turner born in London

1802  Turner elected Royal Academician; travels to the Continent for the first time

1815  British victory at Battle of Waterloo Fall of Napoleon

1817  Completion of Waterloo Bridge

1819  Turner visits Italy, including Venice, for the first time

1833  Turner’s second visit to Venice

1834  London’s Houses of Parliament burn down James McNeill Whistler born in Lowell, Massachusetts

1837  Victoria accedes to the throne, aged 18

1840  Turner makes his final trip to Venice Claude Monet born in Paris

1842  Stéphane Mallarmé born

1843  Whistler family move to St Petersburg