Political events of 1996, such as the reintroduction of nuclear testing by France and the ongoing discussion regarding Berlin as Germany’s new capital city, led Ruff to develop his Posters series. Inspired by the work of John Heartfield, a German painter and photographer who created highly satirical photomontages during the inter-war years, Ruff began to create quasi-political posters from existing materials. He consciously imitated the graphic and collage style of Russian propaganda posters of the 1920s and 1930s but used digital technology to generate and produce his images.