Much of London’s recent growth is due to international inward migration, which partially counterbalances the numbers of mostly British-born households leaving the city. 95% of those moving to London since 1995 were born outside the UK.
Nearly a third of London’s residents are from non-white minority ethnic communities. Concentrations are found in three regions: south of the River Thames in Lambeth, Southwark and Croydon; along a corridor from the East End to East Ham; and to the west and north-west. In some areas, ethnic minorities make up over half the population.
London is the UK’s economic powerhouse, with global importance as a finance and business centre; nearly 90% of its residents work in services. But its wealth belies the levels of poverty in its inner city areas, where social housing is concentrated, and ‘key workers’ struggle to find affordable accommodation near their workplaces.