Art Term

Angry Penguins

Angry Penguins was a modernist literary and artistic movement that sought to shake up the entrenched cultural establishment of Australia in the 1940s

Sir Sidney Nolan, ‘Inland Australia’ 1950
Sir Sidney Nolan
Inland Australia 1950
Tate
© Sidney Nolan Trust. All Rights Reserved, 2016 / Bridgeman Images

Angry Penguins was originally the title of an Australian modernist literary journal founded in 1940 at University of Adelaide by four poets: D.B. Kerr, M.H. Harris, P.G. Pfeiffer and G. Dutton. At this time the University of Adelaide was a focus of modernist writing and debate under the influence of the poet playwright and teacher C.R. Jury, who acted as patron to the magazine.

The name became that of the modernist literary and artistic movement, centred around Harris, that sought to shake up the entrenched cultural establishment of Australia in the 1940s. They were seen as ‘angry’ young men; the rebels of their day. The Angry Penguins, said Harris, expressed ‘a noisy and aggressive revolutionary modernism’ and represented the new language and the new painting of Australia. They were forthright and unapologetic, demanding to be heard and seen. The artists included Arthur Boyd, Sidney Nolan and Albert Tucker.

In 1944 Angry Penguins was the victim of a famous literary hoax when two opponents concocted a set of modernist poems by a writer they invented called Ern Malley. Harris published them and a storm ensued when the hoax was revealed. Harris was tried and convicted for publishing obscenities and the cause of modernism in Australia was substantially set back.

related terms and concepts

Art Term

Modernism

Modernism refers to the broad movement in Western arts and literature that gathered pace from around 1850, and is characterised ...

Art Term

Avant-garde

As applied to art, avant-garde means art that is innovatory, introducing or exploring new forms or subject matter

Art Term

Painting

Painting is the practice of applying paint or other media to a surface, usually with a brush

Art Term

Landscape

Landscape is one of the principal types or genres of subject in Western art

selected artists in the collection

Artist

Sir Sidney Nolan

1917–1992
Artist

Arthur Boyd

1920–1999

selected artworks in the collection