Art Term

School of Altamira

Avant-garde art school (Academia Altamira) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, founded in 1946 with the aim of promoting the idea that a new art was necessary to reflect the modern world as revealed by science

Lucio Fontana, ‘Spatial Concept ‘Waiting’’ 1960
Lucio Fontana
Spatial Concept ‘Waiting’ 1960
Tate
© Fondazione Lucio Fontana, Milan
Lucio Fontana, ‘Spatial Concept’ 1949–50
Lucio Fontana
Spatial Concept 1949–50
Tate
© Fondazione Lucio Fontana, Milan
Sergio de Camargo, ‘Large Split Relief No.34/4/74’ 1964–5
Sergio de Camargo
Large Split Relief No.34/4/74 1964–5
Tate
© The estate of Sergio de Camargo

The Academia Altamira was founded by the Argentinian born Italian artist Lucio Fontana and others. In practice much of the art produced by the artists involved with the school was abstract. In 1946 Fontana and a group of his students published the Manifiesto Blanco (white manifesto) setting out their ideas. Strongly influenced by futurism, it called for an art that was a synthesis of colour, sound, movement, time and space.

Among Fontana’s pupils at the Altamira Academy was the Brazilian artist Sergio de Camargo. In 1947 Fontana returned to Italy.