Artist biography

Alexander Liberman born 1912

American abstract painter and sculptor; also writer and photographer. Born in Kiev, Russia. Studied painting at the Académie Andre Lhote in Paris 1929-31 and architecture with Auguste Perret at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts 1930-2. Art Editor of the magazine Vu 1933-6; made the film La Femme Française (one of the first colour films on painting) with the Louvre 1936. Moved to New York in 1941 and became a US citizen 1946. Joined Vogue magazine 1941; became Art Director of Vogue 1943, Art Director of Condé Nast Publications in the US and Europe 1944, and the organisation's Editorial Director 1962. Began in 1950 to paint in a hard-edge style, with sharply defined shapes (especially circles of different sizes), smooth surfaces and intense hues. Also made sculptures from the early 1950s, with flat cut-out metal shapes and cylindrical volumes; in 1960 started to weld. First one-man exhibition at the Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, 1960. From c.1963 turned away from hard-edge to a form of action painting, including spattered, blotted and poured colour. Published The Artist in his Studio 1960, and Greece, Gods and Art 1968. Lives in New York.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.435