French sculptor and painter, born at Montauban. Studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse, afterwards at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Falguière; encouraged by Dalou and Rodin. Worked from 1893 to 1908 as assistant to Rodin, but turned for inspiration to archaic Greek art, ancient Egyptian and Gothic, seeking a more monumental style related to architecture. First one-man exhibition at the Galerie Hébrard, Paris, 1905. Executed various monuments, including those of the poet Mickiewicz in Paris and of General Alvear in Buenos Aires; also in 1910-13 low reliefs and frescoes on mythological themes for the Theatre des Champs-Elysées. Taught at the Grande Chaumière from 1909 and was very influential as a teacher. Died at Vésinet (Seine-et-Oise). His studio in Paris was opened as a museum, the Musée Bourdelle, in 1949.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.68-9