French painter of still life, landscapes and figures. Born at Lyons, son of an ornamental craftsman. Apprenticed to an engraver on metal, but also began to paint, self-taught. Studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Lyons, 1850-3, under the engraver Vibert, then worked as a decorator of enamelled pans and stoves. Moved to Paris in 1859 with the intention of becoming a painter. Met Ribot, and began by painting still life under his influence and that of the Dutch 17th century still-life painters; later also became a friend of Alexandre Dumas, Carpeaux, Daumier and Daubigny. Exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1864. Best-known for his still lifes, but also painted a number of landscapes at Marseilles, Le Tréport and elsewhere. Member of the Institut in 1897 and awarded a Grand Prix at the 1900 Paris International Exhibition. Died in Paris.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.754