Artist biography

Armand Guillaumin 1841-1927

French Impressionist painter in oil and pastel, mainly of landscape subjects; occasional etcher and lithographer. Born in Paris. Worked as a clerk first in a shop, then from 1860 with the railway company Compagnie d'Orléans; studied in his spare time at a municipal art school and later at the Académie Suisse, where he met Cézanne and Pissarro. Exhibited at the Salon des Refusés 1863. Took a job in 1868 with the Ponts et Chaussées, digging ditches. Continued painting views of Paris and neighbourhood in his spare time, and exhibited in six of the Impressionist exhibitions 1874-86. In 1891 a prize of 100,000 francs in a lottery enabled him to give up his job and paint full-time; also to travel more widely in search of motifs. Lived from 1893 mainly in Crozant in the valley of the Creuse, with periodic visits to Auvergne, Brittany, the Haute-Loire and especially the Côte d'Azur; also visited Holland in 1903-4. First one-man exhibition at the Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1894. Died in Paris, the last surviving member of the original Impressionist group.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.344-5