American sculptor, mainly of monuments and portrait reliefs. Born in Dublin of a French father and Irish mother, and taken to New York at the age of six months. Apprenticed in 1861 to a cameo-cutter, but from 1864 also studied drawing in the evenings at Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design. In 1867 moved to Paris to study sculpture and in 1868 entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in the studio of Jouffroy. 1870-2 and 1873-5 in Rome; then took a studio in New York. Worked as assistant to John La Farge on paintings for Trinity Church in Boston, then in 1876 was commissioned to make a statue to Farragut in New York, followed by other public monuments to Lincoln, Colonel Robert Gould Shaw etc., as well as many portrait low-reliefs and medallions. Lived 1877-80 in Paris and Rome, 1898-1900 in Paris and Spain, but otherwise in New York and in Cornish, New Hampshire, where he spent his summers from 1885 and settled in 1900. Awarded Grand Prizes at the 1900 Paris International Exhibition and the 1904 St Louis Exposition. Died at Cornish.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.669