American painter and illustrator. Born in Richmond, Virginia, of Russian-Jewish descent. Moved in 1934 to New York and studied at the New York School of Design 1934-6, the National Academy of Design Art School 1936-7 and the Art Students League under William C. Palmer 1937-8. Influenced by Kenneth Hayes Miller's treatment of New York street scenes. Won a Kosciuszko Foundation Scholarship for study in Poland in 1938. Returned to the Art Students League 1939-40 to study graphics under Harry Steinberg. Executed a mural for the US Treasury Department in 1940. Worked 1942-3 in the Office of War Information Graphics Division in Washington, DC, with Ben Shahn. War correspondent for Life, covering the Middle East, 1943-4, and for Fortune magazine, covering the Pacific and Orient, 1945. Began to paint seriously for himself in 1946, still partly under Shahn's influence. Instructor at Brooklyn Museum Art School 1947-8. First one-man exhibition at Knoedler's, New York, 1948. Lived 1948-54 in Italy, where his work became more tender and romantic. Taught at Wooster Community Art Center, Danbury, Connecticut, 1967-9. More or less gave up painting for some years, but has since resumed. Has lived since 1959 at Ridgefield, Connecticut.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.584