English painter of Argentine birth. She arrived in England in 1906; in 1924 she studied with Leon Underwood (1890–1975), and she attended the Slade School of Fine Art, London, from 1925 to 1926; she also studied art in Paris from 1928 to 1930. She was a member of the from 1933, and her work was selected by Roland Penrose and Herbert Read for the International Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London, in 1936. Agar exhibited with the Surrealists both in England and abroad. From 1936 she experimented with automatic techniques and new materials, taking and making and objects, for example The Angel of Anarchy
(fabric over and , 1936–40; London, Tate). By the 1960s she was producing with Surrealist elements.
Eileen Agar: Retrospective Exhibition (exh. cat., London, Commonwealth Inst., 1971)
W. Chadwick: Women Artists and the Surrealist Movement (London, 1985)