Artist biography

Enrico Baj born 1924

Italian painter, printmaker and writer on art. Born in Milan. Studied part-time at the Brera Academy and then took a law degree. Began to paint again 1946-7, soon developing an abstract tachiste style with linear signs. Founded the Nuclear Art Movement with Sergio Dangelo in 1951 and in the following years sought to establish contacts with avant-garde artists in other countries. First one-man exhibition with Dangelo at the Galleria San Fedele, Milan, 1951. Joined Jorn's Mouvement International pour une Bauhaus Imaginiste in 1954 and with him organised the International Centre for Ceramics at Albisola Marina. Developed a more figurative style with humorous caricature-like personages and from 1955 began to make use of collage (cotton, mattresses, glass, etc.), both alone and with oil paints. Contacts with Fontana, Manzoni, Klein and from 1960 with the French Nouveaux Realistes. Series of humorously ironic paintings of generals, 'decorated persons', furniture, etc. and modifications of other artists' paintings. In 1962 met André Breton, who included an essay on him in the third edition of Le Surréalisme et la Peinture. Lives in Milan.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.28