Artist biography

Felicia Leirner born 1904

Brazilian sculptor, born in Warsaw. Emigrated to São Paulo 1927. Began to study sculpture in 1948 under the sculptor Victor Brecheret. Her early sculptures mainly of rather hieratic maternities and single figures influenced by Lehmbruck, Marini and Moore, then turned to making groups of two or three figures. Her work became less and less realistic and more stylised, with an interplay of contrasting planes and ridges, vertical and horizontal rhythms, interior spaces, etc. Developed a completely abstract style by c.1958, though the forms tended to retain an organic character. Retrospective exhibition at the Galeria de Arte das Folhas, São Paulo, 1959. Awarded the Rio de Janeiro Museum of Modern Art's prize at the 1955 São Paulo Bienal and the prize for the best Brazilian sculptor at the 1963 Bienal. Her sculptures subsequently became more curvilinear and dynamic, and included some works on a much larger scale known as 'Habitáculo' which could actually be entered. Lives in São Paulo.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.422