Artist biography

Ferdinand Kulmer born 1925

Yugoslav abstract painter born in Cap Martin, France. Studied painting at Budapest Academy of Fine Arts 1942-5 and Zagreb Academy 1945-8, then attended the painting school run by Djuro Tiljak 1948-50. Worked in the studio of Hegedusic 1950-7. In the mid 1950s painted delicate semi-abstract compositions based on still life or interiors, with calligraphic brushwork, then turned to abstract art. Worked in a heavily textured abstract style c.1959-61 and had his first one-man exhibition at the Galerija Suvremene Umjetnosti, Zagreb, 1961. Afterwards turned to a looser, more gestural style, including works with dancing calligraphic shapes in black and white or bright colours formed by controlled pouring. Appointed assistant to Hegedusic at the Zagreb Academy of Fine Arts in 1961, and has since become professor. Designed costumes for two films by Vatroslav Mimica and Veljko Bulajic in 1974-5 and 1977. Lives in Zagreb.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.402-3