A pioneer of abstract painting in Australia. Born in Wellington, New Zealand. Took a degree in architecture at Victoria University, Wellington, and began his career as an architect. Served in Egypt and Gallipoli during the 1914-18 war. Received his first training in painting c.1918 with Alfred O'Keefe in Dunedin. Travelled in China and Japan 1919, afterwards in the Mediterranean countries; studied in London at the Slade School at intervals between 1929 and 1938. Returned to New Zealand in 1938 and then settled in Sydney, Australia, c.1939. Painted in a semi-abstract style with a grid of lines and a faceted mosaic of colour, seeking to express the relation between human-kind and the cosmic order, but lived as a recluse and did not exhibit until 1952. Taught drawing at the East Sydney Technical College from 1948. First one-man exhibition at the Macquarie Galleries, Sydney, 1957. Died in Sydney.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.516