German sculptor of kinetic works, experimental film-maker, maker of puppets and dancer. Born in Lingen. Soldier and prisoner of war 1942-5. Afterwards studied dance and was a professional dancer until 1951, when he gave up the conventional theatre. Began in 1952 to make mechanical figurines inspired by the dance and in 1953-5 created his first spectacle with puppets, 13 Scenes, set to musique concrète. Moved in 1956 to Paris, where he began to make experimental films with his puppets in collaboration with Wolfgang Ramsbott. The constructions which he built from 1953 onwards led from 1958 to the making of kinetic works which he called 'automobile sculptures'; first exhibition of these at the Museum of Baden-Baden in 1960 and his first one-man exhibition at the Galerie Brusberg, Hanover, 1961. They were followed from c.1966 by solid sculptures in polyester and wood, sometimes coloured and with interlocking elements. Lives in Paris.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.401