Henry Moore OM, CH

1898–1986

Henry Moore OM, CH, 'Recumbent Figure' 1938
Recumbent Figure 1938
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Biography

Henry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English sculptor and artist. He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art.

His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures. Moore's works are usually suggestive of the female body, apart from a phase in the 1950s when he sculpted family groups. His forms are generally pierced or contain hollow spaces. Many interpreters liken the undulating form of his reclining figures to the landscape and hills of his birthplace, Yorkshire.

Moore was born in Castleford, the son of a coal miner. He became well-known through his carved marble and larger-scale abstract cast bronze sculptures, and was instrumental in introducing a particular form of modernism to the United Kingdom. His ability in later life to fulfill large-scale commissions made him exceptionally wealthy. Despite this, he lived frugally; most of the money he earned went towards endowing the Henry Moore Foundation, which continues to support education and promotion of the arts.

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Video

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His Darkened Imagination: Surrealist Moore

His Darkened Imagination: Surrealist Moore; Tate past event audio recording
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Archive

Henry Moore OM, CH, recipient: Michael Ernest Sadler Letter from Henry Moore to Michael Ernest Sadler

10 March 1937
Archive

Henry Moore OM, CH, recipients: Ben Nicholson OM, Dame Barbara Hepworth Postcard from Henry Moore to Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth

12 August 1936