Hungarian-Jewish painter of portraits and genre. Born in the Hungarian town of Arad. Worked as a bank clerk up to the age of 21 and was discovered by Count Andrassy, who paid for his studies at the Budapest Drawing School 1875-6. Afterwards studied at the Vienna Academy under J.M. Aigner and J. Trenkwald. Settled in Vienna and began by painting genre subjects of everyday life and historical scenes. Then became a chronicler of Galician Jewish types and customs, seeking material for his paintings in the ghettoes of Silesia, Hungary and Poland, with the most famous Rabbis in Eastern Europe and in private ascetic schools. His genre paintings resemble large miniatures. Died in Vienna.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.382