American sculptor, painter and experimental film-maker. Born in Rochester, Indiana, but grew up in Chicago. Studied at the Art Institute of Chicago 1951-2 and taught sculpture at Black Mountain College, North Carolina, 1955-6, then moved to New York. Began by carving and modelling, but turned to working in metal in 1952 and welding 1953. First one-man exhibition at the Wells Street Gallery, Chicago, 1957. From 1957 made sculpture from scrap metal parts of discarded cars, retaining the original painted colours; these sculptures with their crumpled surfaces and twisted planes had some affinity with the Abstract Expressionist paintings of de Kooning and Kline. Also made abstract colour paintings from 1963, and in the later 1960s produced sculpture in various different materials, including urethane foam and melted perspex. Since 1967 has also made several films, such as Wide Point 1968. Divides his time between New York and Los Angeles.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.115