Brazilian painter. Born in Coimbra, Portugal, and taken to Brazil at the age of three. In 1877 left for Rome intending to become a priest, but decided he had no vocation, returned to Brazil and became a teacher of languages and inspector of schools. Retired at the age of seventy and began to paint on the advice of Portinari and Foujita, who was in Rio at the time. Self-taught, he painted still life, landscapes, butterflies, dogs, cats, fish and occasionally the human figure; he was regarded as the foremost Brazilian naive painter. Also wrote some poetry and novels, which he did not publish. Died in Rio de Janeiro.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.95