Joseph CRAWHALL 1861–1913
Painter in watercolour, chiefly of birds and animals. Born 20 August 1861 at Morpeth, Northumberland. Studied art at King's College, London, 1877–9 and under Aimé Morot in Paris 1882, where he was encouraged to work largely from memory. Greatly influenced by Chinese and Japanese art. Exhibited an oil painting at the R.A. 1883, but soon confined himself to watercolour and pastel. Friendships with E. A. Watson, James Guthrie and W. Y. MacGregor brought him into the Glasgow School. Frequent visits to Tangier and Spain 1884–93. Member of the R.W.S. 1887–93. First one-man show at Alex Reid's Gallery, Glasgow, 1894. Exhibited with the International Society 1898–1913; member of the N.E.A.C. 1909–13. From 1898 lived in Yorkshire, breeding horses. Destroyed many works he was dissatisfied with. Contributed illustrations to the Pall Mall Magazine and Abel Chapman's Unexplored Spain 1912. Retrospective exhibition at W. B. Paterson's Gallery 1912. Died in London 24 May 1913. Centenary exhibition at the Reid Gallery 1961.
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, I