Artist biography

Mario Sironi 1885-1961

Italian painter, sculptor, designer and architect. Born in Sassari, but lived from 1886 in Rome. Spent a year studying civil engineering at Rome University, then decided in 1903 to devote himself to painting. Attended life classes at the Academy in Rome and became friendly with Balla, Boccioni and Severini. Moved to Milan in 1914 and joined the Futurist movement. After war service, returned to Milan, became a member of the Fascist Party and contributed from 1922 to Il Popolo d'Italia and other papers, first as draughtsman and art editor, later as art critic. Painted several mannequin figures influenced by Metaphysical painting; then was one of the founders of the Novecento movement. Encouraged the revival of mural painting, admired the grandeur of ancient Rome, Byzantine mosaics, etc., but drew many of his subjects from the urban landscapes of modern Italy. First one-man exhibition at the 1926 Venice Biennale. Collaborated with the architect Giovanni Muzio in the planning and arrangement of the Italian pavilions at the Cologne (1928) and Barcelona (1929) international exhibitions, and in the years 1932-42 executed various commissions for frescoes, mosaics and low-reliefs. From 1943 worked mainly as an easel painter. Died in Milan.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.688-9