American painter of figures, landscape and still life, sculptor and lithographer. Born at Libau in Latvia. His family moved to Moscow, then in 1889 to New York. Studied mechanical drawing at Cooper Union from 1892, and then painting and drawing at the National Academy of Design 1894-9. First one-man exhibition at the Old Country Sketch Club, New York, 1902. Won a travelling scholarship in 1904 and went to Paris, where he studied Cézanne, to Italy, where he was influenced by Piero della Francesca, and to Greece, where he studied 4th and 5th century Greek art and became interested in sculpture. Lived in India, Burma and Bali 1911-14, then mainly at Anticoli-Corrado in Italy and in the USA. Retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1933. Executed mural paintings for the Department of Justice building in Washington, DC, 1935-9. Spent a large part of his later years at Provincetown, Massachusetts, painting seascapes of Cape Cod Bay. Died at his home at Mount Kisco, New York.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.708