Czech painter, book illustrator, sculptor and designer. Born in Pardubice in Bohemia. Studied graphic design at the Academy of Applied Arts in Prague 1938-41, and first made a reputation with drawings and paintings influenced by Modigliani. Afterwards made numerous paintings and prints inspired by natural forms, especially plants, including series of Paradises, Winter Gardens, Flora etc.; many of these have a Klee-like patterning. 1955-7 painted a series of quasi-Cubist views of towns and villages, but from 1960 turned more to themes derived from the inner structure of matter (Organisms, Cells etc.) or to the stylised human figure (Ecce Homo). He has illustrated a large number of books, designed postage stamps, posters, textiles, jewellery, ceramics, acted as artistic adviser on several films, and made lithographs, woodcuts, drypoints, as well as sculptures in wood and metal. Lives in Prague.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.373-4