French painter of landscapes, figures and still life, teacher and illustrator. Born at Le Havre of a seafaring family. Studied 1896-9 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre, where he met Raoul Dufy, then 1899-1904 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Bonnat. Began as an Impressionist and had his first one-man exhibition at the Galerie des Collectionneurs, Paris, in 1904. Then started to use stronger colours and participated 1905-7 in the Fauve movement; painted with Braque at Antwerp in 1906 and at La Ciotat in 1907. In 1907 developed a less colourful, more strongly constructed style under the influence of Cézanne. His characteristic style, with looser, freer handling, dates from a visit to Portugal in 1911. Worked chiefly at Toulon and in Provence from 1918-30, and in his last years painted much at Honfleur and elsewhere on the Normandy coast. Influential as a teacher, especially from 1929 at the Académie Scandinave. Died in Paris.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.226