Czech Cubist sculptor of figures and reliefs, born at Dvur Kralove nad Labem. Studied at the Ceramic School in Bechyne 1903-6, at the School of Arts and Crafts in Prague 1906-9 and at the Grande Chaumière in Paris under Bourdelle 1909-10. Then returned to Prague and joined the painters Kubista, Filla, Benes, Procházka and others who were in process of absorbing the lessons of Cubism. Began to make sculptures based on the translation of the Cubist idiom into three dimensions, at first also incorporating flowing planes akin to the Baroque. In Paris again 1914, fought with the French Foreign Legion after the outbreak of war, but spent the latter part of the war in internment. Returned to Prague in 1920, his later work becoming neoclassical and social realist. Died by drowning in the River Vltava. The first one-man exhibition of his work was held posthumously at SVU Mánes, Prague, 1927.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.346