Italian sculptor and painter. Prince Paul (or Paolo) Troubetzkoy, born at Intra on Lago Maggiore, son of a father of the Russian nobility and an American mother. Largely self-taught, though received some instruction from the painter Ranzoni and the sculptors Grandi, Barcaglia and Bazzaro. Lived 1886-97 in Milan. Began as a sculptor of animals, then turned to portraits with life-like attitudes and Impressionistic modelling. In 1897 called to Moscow, where he was given a post at the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture; trained his students to study from life instead of from the art in museums. Exhibited in the Russian pavilion at the 1900 Paris International Exhibition, being awarded a Grand Prix. Commissioned in 1901 to make an equestrian monument to Czar Alexander III for St Petersburg (erected 1909). Moved in 1906 to Paris, but returned regularly to Lago Maggiore in the summers. Made portrait busts and statuettes of famous men, such as Tolstoy, Anatole France, D'Annunzio, and elegant women. Lived 1914-20 in the USA, afterwards between Paris and his villa on Lago Maggiore. Died at Suna on Lago Maggiore.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.729