Artist biography

Raymond Duchamp-Villon 1876-1918

French Cubist sculptor, whose career was cut short by the First World War. Born in Damville (Eure), brother of Jacques Villon and Marcel Duchamp. Began to study medicine, then turned c.1900 to sculpture at which he was self-taught. Changed his name at this time from Duchamp to Duchamp-Villon. Experimented with styles ranging from art nouveau, Rodin and Gauguin to Maillol and Matisse, until about 1910-11, when he became involved in the Cubist movement. He and his brothers exhibited with Archipenko, Gleizes, Gris, Léger, Metzinger, Segonzac, La Fresnaye and others in 1912 under the name 'La Section d'Or', and he contributed to a project for a 'Cubist house' shown at the Salon d'Automne in 1912. First one-man exhibition at the Galerie André Groult, Paris, 1914. His innovations culminated in 1914 in the different versions of his 'Horse', an image which became transformed into an expression of machine power. Enlisting in 1914 as an auxiliary doctor, he contracted typhoid in 1916 and spent his last two years as an invalid. Died at Cannes.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.191