American West Coast painter, born in Santa Monica, California. Studied engineering at Wyoming University 1955-6; worked as a radio announcer 1958-9. Then studied at San Francisco Art Institute 1960-4 under Jack Jefferson and Frank Lobdell, and at Yale-Norfolk Summer Art School under Philip Guston 1962. In 1963-5 made hard-edge, acrylic Op-art paintings on shaped canvases with a multiplicity of self-contradictory spatial illusions, with stripes, zigzags, checkerboards etc., then started to work in 1965 with geometrically shaped canvases and flat all-over colours. First one-man exhibition at the Nicholas Wilder Gallery, Los Angeles, 1965. In 1966 adopted the technique of painting directly with liquid resin reinforced with fibreglass to produce works which gave a strong illusion of three dimensions and effects of perspective, combined with a luxuriant richness of colour. Lives in Los Angeles.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.142