French painter of landscapes, figures and still life. Born at Strasbourg, but spent most of his life in Paris. Attended no art school. Began to paint seriously about 1905, when he spent a year and a half in Belgium with visits to Holland, and underwent the influence of the 17th century Dutch painters of interiors. From 1910-11 was profoundly influenced by Cézanne. Became a close friend in 1909 of the Belgian painter Rik Wouters, whom he introduced to the work of Cézanne. A leader of the association of Alsace artists Le Groupe de Mai (founded 1919). Painted many landscapes in Provence, especially at Villeneuve-lès-Avignon. First one-man exhibition at the Galerie Berthe Weill, Paris, 1925; retrospective exhibition jointly with Adolphe Milich and Marcel Gimond at the Musée Galliera, Paris, 1957. Died in Paris.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.686