American sculptor, draughtsman, lithographer and etcher. Born in Hartford, Connecticut. Studied at Syracuse University, New York, 1945-9. Abandoned painting in 1962 and began to experiment with abstract black and white reliefs, followed in 1963 by relief constructions with nested enclosures projecting into space, and box- and table-like constructions. First one-man exhibition at the Daniels Gallery, New York, 1965. From 1965-6 worked in series using a simple form such as an open or closed cube as module to create structures in accordance with a pre-determined, logical system. Starting in 1966 with Serial Project No.1 also published a series of books constituting a parallel system. Wrote an influential article 'Paragraphs on Conceptual Art' first published 1967. Taught at the Museum of Modern Art School, New York, 1964-7, at Cooper Union, New York, 1967-8, at the School of Visual Arts, New York, 1969-70 and at New York University from 1970. Began in 1968 to create wall drawings, to be carried out by himself or others in accordance with his specifications, and also produced series of lithographs, etchings and screenprints.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.426