Willem de Kooning

1904–1997

Willem de Kooning, ‘Women Singing II’ 1966
Women Singing II 1966
© Willem de Kooning Revocable Trust/ARS, NY and DACS, London 2018
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Biography

Robert Mapplethorpe, ‘Willem de Kooning’ 1986
Robert Mapplethorpe
Willem de Kooning 1986
Tate / National Galleries of Scotland
© Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation

Willem de Kooning (; Dutch: [ˈʋɪləm də ˈkoːnɪŋ]; April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was a Dutch abstract expressionist artist. He was born in Rotterdam, in the Netherlands. He moved to the United States in 1926, and became an American citizen in 1962. On December 9, 1943, he married painter Elaine Fried.

In the years after World War II, de Kooning painted in a style that came to be referred to as Abstract expressionism or "action painting", and was part of a group of artists that came to be known as the New York School. Other painters in this group included Jackson Pollock, Elaine de Kooning, Lee Krasner, Franz Kline, Arshile Gorky, Mark Rothko, Hans Hofmann, Adolph Gottlieb, Anne Ryan, Robert Motherwell, Philip Guston, Clyfford Still, and Richard Pousette-Dart.

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