This group of prints was bequeathed to Evelyne Abrahams by the artist's parents, Harry and Rachel Abrahams, on the understanding that she would present it to the Tate Gallery on their behalf. It represents the greater part of the artist's printmaking to date. Other works by Abrahams in the collection are a sculpture entitled ‘Lady in a Niche’, 1973 (T03369), a work on paper entitled ‘Winter Sundial’, 1975 (T02330), and a small number of prints: ‘The Garden Suite’, 1970 (P04001-P04005), ‘Sundial I (Summer)’, 1975 (P07384) and ‘Untitled’ [from the artist's book Oxford Gardens: A Sketchbook], 1977 (P08150).
Abrahams is primarily a sculptor, and many of his prints relate to particular sculptures. In the period 1967–79 Abrahams focused on garden imagery, exploring the relationship between art, artifice and nature. Many of the images used in early prints were based on small, relatively poor quality photographs of gardens reproduced in gardening magazines, such as the weekly Amateur Gardening and Popular Gardening, or, less frequently, better quality illustrations found in the series of volumes on gardens published by Country Life in the 1920s. This use of second-hand source material gives much of his printed output a conceptual quality, and links his work to Pop art. Abrahams has presented a large amount of source material relating to his printmaking of this period, including magazine clippings, photographs and sketches and acetate stencils, to the Tate Gallery Archive (TGA 8315).
The critical and commercial success of ‘The Garden Suite’ (P04001-P040054), published in 1970, helped establish Abrahams' name internationally, and in the following decade he went on to produce a significant body of prints, making approximately one print a month. The dealer Bernard Jacobson published many of his portfolios, and the Mayor Gallery organised a series of touring shows of prints and sculptures. In this period Abrahams was based in London, working at a studio in Leonard Street, EC2, from 1969 to 1982, and at the A & A Foundry in Bow from 1982 to 1992, with a second studio at Butler's Wharf from 1974 to 1979.
In 1979 Abrahams abandoned the garden theme for which he had become well known and focused instead on water-based imagery, using bathers and nymphs which were inspired in part by the landscape, myths and folk customs associated with the South of France. Abrahams and his French wife bought a home in Pézenas, in the Languedoc, in 1973, where he used the cellar as a studio. In 1988 they bought a house in the small village, Castelnau de Guers, in the same region, and have lived there on a full-time basis since 1992.
Unless otherwise stated, all quotations by the artist in the following entries are taken from a taped interview with the compiler held on 18 August 1994. The entries have been approved by the artist.
P11117 Double Shrub II 1973
Lithograph 647 × 821 (25 1/2 × 32 1/4) on wove paper, same size; printed by Alan Cox at Sky Editions and published by Bernard Jacobson Ltd; one of 15 artist's proofs aside from the edition of 40
Inscribed ‘Ivor Abrahams 73’ b.r. and ‘AP.’ b.l.
These two prints [P11116 and P11117] depict two large shrubs, more or less conical in shape, in an open landscape. The lighter tonality and fresh colours of ‘Double Shrub I’ suggest morning time, while the greyer scheme of ‘Double Shrub II’ indicates evening time. In the second print the shrubs appear to merge, creating a sense of mystery. The use of metallic inks gives both images a subtle luminous quality.
The prints relate to Abrahams' first colour lithographs, ‘Suburban Shrub I (Dawn)’ and ‘Suburban Shrub II (Dusk)’, executed in the previous year with the same printer, Alan Cox (see previous entries on P11110 and P11111). As in the earlier prints, Abrahams worked on the two ‘Double Shrub’ prints at the same time, using one or more plates for both. In conversation the artist said that the work of Monet, in particular, the ‘Haystack’ series of paintings of 1890–1, partly inspired the prints. However, among the material presented by the artist to the Tate Gallery Archive (TGA 8315) is a colour magazine illustration, mounted onto card, depicting two large shrubs, one slightly behind the other, on a lawn. The shrubs are more rounded than those in the prints, but nonetheless this image appears directly relevant to ‘Double Shrub’.
The subject was first explored in the sculpture ‘Double Bush’, 1971 (repr. Ivor Abrahams: Environments, Skulpturen, Zeichnungen, Komplette Graphiken, exh. cat., Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne 1973, p.39), made with wood, latex and flock fibre.
Tate Gallery: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions 1986-88, London 1996