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As a Polish Jew and a Socialist, Adler was forced to leave Germany when the Nazis gained power in 1933. He worked in Warsaw and Paris before coming to Britain as a member of the Polish army. <i>The Mutilated</i> was painted in London during heavy bombing and reflected, he said, his admiration for 'the behaviour of Londoners under great stress and suffering ¿ only then could humanity be seen at its best'. Nevertheless, his work of the Second World War was clearly affected by his own experiences as a refugee and by the first news of the Concentration Camps.

August 2001