T01767 144 Magnesium Square 1969
144-unit square, magnesium, 3/8 x 12 x 12 (1 x 30.5 x 30.5) each, 3/8 x 144 x 144 (1 x 366 x 366) overall
Purchased from Heiner Friedrich through the Lisson Gallery, London (Grant-in-Aid) 1973
Prov: Through Dwan Gallery, New York; with Ace Gallery, Vancouver and Los Angeles; Mr and Mrs Thomas G. Terbell, Jr., Pasadena; through Comsky Gallery, Los Angeles; with Galerie Onnasch, Cologne; with Heiner Friedrich, Cologne
Exh: Carl Andre, Dwan Gallery, New York, April-May 1969 (no catalogue); Carl Andre, Guggenheim Museum, New York, September-November 1970 (26, repr. in colour) as '144 Magnesium Plates. Spring 1969'; City Art Museum, Saint Louis, May-June 1971 (26, repr. in colour); Carl Andre: Sculpture 1959-78, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, March-April 1978 (11, repr.)
Lit: Phyllis Tuchman, 'An Interview with Carl Andre' in Artlorum, VIII, June 1970, pp.55-61; exh. catalogue Carl Andre: Sculpture 1958-1974, Kunsthalle, Bern, April-June 1975, No.1969-2, p.37 as '144 Magnesium Square'
Repr: Burlington Magazine, CXVIII, 1976, p.765
Andre has made six versions of this floor piece - a square made up of 144 metal plates each 12in (30.5cm) square - each with a different metal. The first three, in aluminium, steel and zinc, were made in 1967 and were first exhibited at the Dwan Gallery, New York, in December 1967-January 1968; the others, made in the spring of 1969 in copper, magnesium and lead, were shown there in April-May 1969. All of them now belong to museums, as follows:
aluminium: Norton Simon Museum of Art, PasadenaThe artist thinks it unlikely that he will add to this series, as all the other metals are too costly.
steel: Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
zinc: Milwaukee Art Center, Wisconsin
copper: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
magnesium: Tate Gallery
lead: Museum of Modern Art, New York
The Gallery also has a certificate for this work on squared paper, with the following inscription in the artist's hand: 'MAGNESIUM PIECE | 144 MAGNESIUM PLATES | 3/8" x 12" x 12" EACH | 3/8" x 144" x 144" OVERALL | 12 PLATES x 12 PLATES | NEW YORK | 1969 | ca [monogram]'.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.13-14, reproduced p.13