William Barnard, the son of an Irish parson, was a pupil of John Baptist Malchair (no. 24) when an undergraduate at Oxford. Of all Malchair's pupils, it is perhaps Barnard whose work is most readily confused with that of his teacher. Barnard tended to favour the same sort of humble, inconsequential subject that Malchair had found in the alleyways and back streets of Oxford. Malchair's pupils were encouraged to work in monochrome (pencil, chalks and grey washes) rather than watercolour. They were also taught to describe form using tone and mass rather than outline.