Sculptress is one in a portfolio of fourteen drypoint etchings collectively titled Autobiographical Series. It depicts the artist holding a large anthropormorphic object on a table on which are a cup and saucer. Her hairstyle and the line of her leg visible through her skirt suggest that this is an image of a much younger Louise. Bourgeois began making sculptures after the birth of her sons in the early 1940s, creating a series of Personnages (1947-9). These are totemic wooden sculptures representing the people she had left behind in France on moving to New York in 1938 with her husband, the American art historian Robert Goldwater (1907-73). A possible earlier title for this print was Spoon Mirror, suggesting that the face on the object held by the sculptress is her own, reflected back to her through the activity of making art. The cup and saucer and the elegant base of the round table hint that she may be in a domestic environment, while the bulging forms on the floor which conceal her feet sugggest that she is in an imaginary world.
Bourgeois's work is based, more or less overtly, on memory. The recounting of her early years has become a fundamental part of her artistic expression, a narrative which, despite having been told many times, retains for the artist its emotional intensity. Through her work she is able to access and analyse hidden (but uncomfortable) feelings, resulting in cathartic release from them. She has said:
Some of us are so obsessed with the past that we die of it. It is the attitude of the poet who never finds the lost heaven and it is really the situation of artists who work for a reason that nobody can quite grasp. They might want to reconstruct something of the past to exorcise it. It is that the past for certain people has such a hold and such a beauty ... Everything I do was inspired by my early life.
Printmaking, like drawing, has been an important element in Bourgeois's artistic production. She first took it up in 1938 and experimented widely with techniques and effects, producing an important portfolio of etchings titled He Disappeared into Complete Silence (The Museum of Modern Art, New York) in the 1940s. After a long break she returned to printmaking in 1973, the year Goldwater died. In the late 1980s Bourgeois began collaborating with workshops and publishers. She started to rework and reprint some of her old plates and to create new portfolios. Several of the images in the Autobiographical Series had already appeared in earlier forms. They range broadly in time and concept, encompassing both specific memories and more abstracted and ambiguous states of being. The portfolio was published in an edition of thirty-five plus ten artist's proofs by Peter Blum Edition, New York, and printed by Harlan & Weaver Intaglio, New York. See Tate P77682-9 and P77691-5 for the other images in the series.
Louise Bourgeois, Marie-Louise Bernadac, Hans-Ulrich Obrist, Destruction of the Father/Reconstruction of the Father: Writings and Interviews 1923-1997, London 1998
Charlotta Kotick, Terrie Sultan, Christian Leigh, Louise Bourgeois: The Locus of Memory, Works 1982-1993, The Brooklyn Museum, New York 1994
Deborah Wye, Carol Smith, The Prints of Louise Bourgeois, exhibition catalogue, The Museum of Modern Art, New York 1994
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