Louise Bourgeois Sleeping Man 1994

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Artwork details

Artist
Louise Bourgeois 1911–2010
Title
Sleeping Man
Date 1994
Medium Drypoint on paper
Dimensions Image: 210 x 157 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Purchased 1994
Reference
P77688

Summary

Sleeping Man is one in a portfolio of fourteen drypoint etchings collectively titled Autobiographical Series. It depicts a man, wearing a coat and hat, apparently dozing in an armchair. Behind him a little face peeps between the bars of a window. Voyeurism is a theme frequently addressed in Bourgeois's works. In another image in this series, Toilette (P77682), a young woman is being spied on while she washes her hair. In Sleeping Man the gender of the watcher is not clear. The man's clothes appear dated, suggesting that this could be an image of the artist peeking on her husband and reversing the traditionally gender-defined roles of the voyeuristic gaze. Another image in the series, Man, Keys, Phone, Clock (P77689), also portrays a sleeping man.

Bourgeois's work is based, more or less overtly, on memory. The recounting of her early years has become a fundamental part of her artistic expression, a narrative which, despite having been told many times, retains for the artist its emotional intensity. Through her work she is able to access and analyse hidden (but uncomfortable) feelings, resulting in cathartic release from them. She has said:

Some of us are so obsessed with the past that we die of it. It is the attitude of the poet who never finds the lost heaven and it is really the situation of artists who work for a reason that nobody can quite grasp. They might want to reconstruct something of the past to exorcise it. It is that the past for certain people has such a hold and such a beauty ... Everything I do was inspired by my early life.

(Bourgeois, p.133.)

Printmaking, like drawing, has been an important element in Bourgeois's artistic production. She first took it up in 1938, the year she moved to New York with her husband, the American art historian Robert Goldwater (1907-73). She experimented widely with techniques and effects, producing an important portfolio of etchings titled He Disappeared into Complete Silence (The Museum of Modern Art, New York) in the 1940s. After a long break she returned to printmaking in 1973, the year her husband died. In the late 1980s Bourgeois began collaborating with workshops and publishers. She started to rework and reprint some of her old plates and to create new portfolios. Several of the images in the Autobiographical Series had already appeared in earlier forms. They range broadly in time and concept, encompassing both specific memories and more abstracted and ambiguous states of being. The portfolio was published in an edition of thirty-five plus ten artist's proofs by Peter Blum Edition, New York, and printed by Harlan & Weaver Intaglio, New York. See Tate P77682-7 and P77689-95 for the other images in the series.

Further reading:
Louise Bourgeois, Marie-Louise Bernadac, Hans-Ulrich Obrist, Destruction of the Father/Reconstruction of the Father: Writings and Interviews 1923-1997, London 1998
Charlotta Kotick, Terrie Sultan, Christian Leigh, Louise Bourgeois: The Locus of Memory, Works 1982-1993, The Brooklyn Museum, New York 1994
Deborah Wye, Carol Smith, The Prints of Louise Bourgeois, exhibition catalogue, The Museum of Modern Art, New York 1994

Elizabeth Manchester
July 2001

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