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Callcott was one of the most highly regarded and sought-after painters of his day - hence his knighthood. As this picture shows, his landscapes and marines had affinities with Turner's in their composition and luminosity. However, Callcott's works were usually less challenging or controversial than Turner's - especially in the artists' later years.

Despite undoubted rivalry, the two men were close friends. Callcott exhibited Italian views at the Royal Academy in 1833. They resulted from his visit to Italy with his wife on their honeymoon in 1828.

August 2004