On display at Tate Modern
- Display Room: A View from Sao Paulo: Abstraction and Society (Room 2)
- Display Theme: Level 2: Artist and Society
- Saloua Raouda Choucair 1916–2017
- Oil paint on canvas
- Support: 500 x 1850 mm
- Purchased with funds provided by the Middle East North Africa Acquisitions Committee 2014
Composition with Two Ovals 1951 is an abstract painting on a large, horizontally orientated rectangular canvas. It is a prime example of Choucair’s abstract paintings from this period in its use of primary colours and a system of bold geometric forms. Interlocking abstract volumes are characteristic of the artist’s work in general, and particularly define the period she spent living in Paris in the late 1940s, when she was exposed to abstraction in painting through the Atelier de l’Art Abstrait and furthered her study of geometric motifs and architectural compositions. Although this painting exemplifies Choucair’s characteristic curved, closed forms, geometry of line, repetition of modules and formally tight compositions, it can also be seen as a pivotal departure from the rest of her works in its large size, elongated shape and distinctive colour palette of red, green, yellow, black and white. At the same time, the work embodies the complexity and formal exploration that marks Choucair’s production as a whole and which is also found in her Composition in Blue Module 1947–51 (Tate T13308).
Despite the title, in Composition with Two Ovals the ovoid forms seem to disappear, dominated by the emergence of squares, polygons and lines. Almost as if colliding with each other, the two abstracted ovals are depicted in a multiplicity of diverse forms and colours. Their autonomous movements articulate an expression of motion, appearing to revolve around a dark void at the centre of the composition. This sense of movement is offset by a system of formal unity and structural balance, creating a rhythm and harmony within the painting as a whole.
Choucair began working in her native Lebanon in the 1940s, a lone female voice in Beirut’s art scene at the time. Her early work was informed by her interest in and understanding of Islamic forms in art and architecture. Working across painting and sculpture, she combined this exploration of abstract forms with an understanding of traditional Sufi philosophy and literature. Throughout her career, she has experimented with materials and diverse means of production, exploring both figuration and abstraction, as well as seriality and dynamism within her multi-part sculptures (see, for example, Infinite Structure 1963–5, Tate T13262). Since the 1960s she has also produced more functional sculptural pieces such as fountains and benches, some of which have become part of Beirut’s urban landscape.
Joseph Tarrab (ed.), Saloua Raouda Choucair: Her Life and Art, Beirut 2002.
Jessica Morgan (ed.), Saloua Raouda Choucair, exhibition catalogue, Tate Modern, London 2013.